Although the EITI is a national process that varies from country to country, the EITI International Board has established a set of rules outlining the basic criteria and guiding countries through the three stages of implementation: sign-up, candidacy and compliance.
Countries voluntarily commit to the EITI by signing up to the initiative –yet they are not recognized as implementing EITI at this stage. In order for a country to become an EITI Candidate, it must first complete the four sign-up requirements and submit a proposal to the EITI International Board. If the Board is satisfied that these indicators have been fulfilled, the country will be officially recognized as a Candidate country.
EITI Candidate countries have two years to complete the preparation, disclosure and dissemination phases. These phases include the establishment of the MSG which will oversee the various steps in the EITI process including: endorsement of the Country Work Plan; agreement on reporting templates; establishing terms of reference for and choosing an organization to undertake the reconciliation; and review, comment and dissemination of the EITI report.
Within two years, EITI Candidate countries must undergo the EITI Validation process, which determines whether or not a country has achieved Compliant status, may have its Candidate status extended beyond two years, or loses its Candidate status. The Validation is carried out by an independent Validator selected by the MSG who must follow the methodology outlined in the EITI Rules. Validation will only result in the granting of EITI Compliant status if the EITI International Board deems that a country has met all the indicators in the Validation Grid.